What is Algology (Pain Polyclinic)?
The unit in hospitals or other health institutions that performs the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pain in different parts of the body for various reasons and severe pain of which the cause cannot be found is called an algology (pain) polyclinic.
Algology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of pain experienced for 3 months or longer, which is considered within the scope of chronic pain. Algology aims to improve a person's quality of daily life, which is impaired by pain. In the algology units of hospitals and similar health institutions, all kinds of pain in people's bodies are healed through medical intervention.
What Diseases Does Algology (Pain Polyclinic) Treat?
Algology unit is responsible for the treatment of pain in the body as mentioned above. Types of pain treated in this unit vary in a wide range from low back and back pain to rheumatic pains, from headaches to psychosomatic pains. The diseases that fall under the field of interest of the algology (pain polyclinic) unit are grouped and discussed below.
Face and Headaches
Headache is one of the common complaints that the algology unit deals with. The most common types of pain in this group are listed as follows: Tension headache, migraine, chronic facial and headache types, headaches related to the spine, facial neuralgia (the most common is trigeminal neuralgia).
Groin and Abdominal Pains
Abdominal and groin pain is another type of pain that falls under the field of algology. Pain in the groin and abdomen is categorized as abdominal pains in internal organs, pinching of nerves to muscles, reflection pains caused by back and waist pains.
Inguinal pain can occur due to stress, constipation, hernia, spiral use, appendicitis, urinary tract infection and ectopic pregnancy. Abdominal pain, on the other hand, can occur for different reasons, depending on the area of pain. In cases where pain affects daily life, a physician should be consulted.
Back and Chest Pains
Back pain is a common complaint in our society, especially in people who work at a desk. Back pain, which is in the field of interest of the Algology unit, may occur due to diseases such as neck hernia, scoliosis, osteoporosis, heart and lung diseases and fibromyalgia.
Chest pain, on the other hand, can occur due to reasons such as reflux, compression of the muscles or ribs, or due to problems in internal organs in the chest area such as the heart and lungs.
Pain in the leg and lower back
Chronic low back and leg pain can be seen in the back, waist and legs. Among the main sources of these pains are problems related to the spine, and these problems can be experienced in the form of herniated disc, sciatica and disc degeneration. In case of this type of pain, the help of a specialist should be sought and an application should be made to the algology unit.
Shoulder, Neck and Arm Pains
Medication and physical therapy methods are used in the treatment of neck, shoulder and arm pains, which are usually caused by problems originating from the spine (such as neck hernia, neck straightening). If the patient does not respond to the treatment, it is important to apply to the algology unit.
Pain Due to Vascular Occlusion
Some pain in the body may occur due to vascular occlusion. Various pains can be seen in the body as a result of the arteries not carrying enough blood to the organs due to diseases such as hypertension and diabetes. For example, if the artery to the leg is blocked, symptoms such as leg pain, chest pain as a result of the blockage of the heart vessel.
This type of pain is a common problem that patients with cancer especially in advanced stages complain about. Algology and oncology unit act together in the process of controlling pain.
Neuropathic Pain Related to Diabetes
Diabetes (diabetes) damages nerve fibers as well as blood vessels. Neuropathic pain symptoms begin to appear in the patient as a result of damage to the nerve fibers.
Pain of Unknown Cause
Among the pains that are in the field of interest of the algology unit, there are also pains of unknown origin. Pain of unknown origin can worry many patients. Although it is difficult to find the cause of this type of pain, it is possible to diagnose it with interventional methods. In order to determine the source of the pain, a catheter is placed in the nervous system by using imaging methods. Thanks to this method, the cause of the pain is found.
In summary, the types of pain treated by the algology (pain polyclinic) unit are explained below:
•Wrist pain (such as carpal tunnel syndrome)
•Low Back Pain
•Hip, knee, ankle and foot pain
•Shoulder, arm and hand pain
•Pain after neck and waist hernia surgery (These pains may be different from previous pains.)
•Diabetic neuropathy (burning, electric shock sensation and stinging in the hands and feet that occur in diabetics)
•Sciatica (Pain in the "sciatic nerve", the longest and thickest nerve that comes out from between the vertebrae in the lumbar region and extends to the heel).
•Pain after trauma or fracture
•Pain that does not subside after any surgical procedure and starts to become chronic
•Psychosomatic pain (It can be seen as a reflection of psychological disorders on the body.)