MEDICAL SECOND OPINION
Anesthesiology and Reanimation

What is Anesthesia and Reanimation?

The unit in hospitals and other health institutions, which is responsible for controlling the patient's blood pressure, pulse and breathing pre-operative to post-operative period, is called anesthesia and reanimation.

The reanimation part of this unit, which is more briefly known as "anesthesia", basically means bringing the patient back to life. Reanimation is a process that is done to make the respiratory or circulatory system functional and alive again. This procedure is important to prevent complications before, during or after surgery and to protect the patient's health. Anesthesia and reanimation unit is of great importance, especially in terms of eliminating such possible problems that may arise during surgery.

Anesthesia and reanimation unit is involved in every step of the operation process, as mentioned before. The scope of duty of this unit is described in detail below:

•Before the operation takes place, the patient and their relatives are prepared and informed about the anesthesia procedure. In the meantime, the patient is informed about possible complications and anesthesia options that can be applied.

•Appropriate anesthesia is given to the patient who is transported to the operating room, and the patient is put to sleep by various anesthesia methods so that the patient feels the pain during the operation at a minimum level. In the meantime, drugs are used in the dosage determined by the anesthesiologist.

•Anesthesia and reanimation unit also assists physicians in bringing the patient to the proper posture during the surgery.

•It ensures that the patient's veins and airways are open during the operation.

•While other physicians handle the surgical procedures during the surgery, the anesthesia and reanimation unit controls the patient's vital functions such as pulse and blood pressure.

•It prevents the patient from losing blood, heat and fluids during surgery.

•Anesthesia and reanimation unit monitors the physiological values of the patient from the beginning to the end of anesthesia and keeps records.

•At the end of the operation, it is responsible for terminating the anesthesia and directing the patient to their room.

•Evaluates the patients that woke up in terms of heart, respiration, consciousness status and possible complications.

•In cases of cardiac and respiratory arrest, medical intervention is applied to the patient by inserting a breathing tube.

•The anesthesia and reanimation unit is important for the follow-up and treatment of severe and critical patients in the intensive care unit.

•In addition to all these, the anesthesia and reanimation unit works in cooperation with the relevant doctors when necessary.

What Diseases Does the Anesthesia and Reanimation Unit Treat?

Anesthesia is the name given to the method of anesthetizing the patient by administering drugs in order to ensure that the patient feels the pain at the minimum level during the operation. There are basically three different types of anesthesia as general, regional and local.

General anesthesia is performed by numbing the patient's entire body and shutting down consciousness. General anesthesia is applied to everyone except the patients in the following group: in regional surgeries such as arm, leg, abdomen, in cases where the patient has respiratory problems and has heart and lung diseases.

Regional anesthesia, on the other hand, is applied in surgeries involving an area such as the arm or leg, or the lower part of the body. Regional anesthesia method is preferred in cases of hip-knee prosthesis, shoulder-hand-arm surgery, inguinal hernia, normal or cesarean delivery, urinary bladder or anal region surgery.

Local anesthesia, on the other hand, is the method applied before the operation of a smaller area compared to regional anesthesia. For example, local anesthesia is preferred to ensure that the pain that can be experienced in procedures such as removal of moles on the body is felt at a minimum level. Local anesthesia is not used in operations other than such small areas of the body.

In addition, people who cannot be anesthetized can be determined from the anamnesis taken from the patient and the results of the tests performed before the surgery. If the tests show unfavorable results for anesthesia, the application of anesthesia would not be correct. However, anesthesia is applied to patients other than these and the cases mentioned above.

The reanimation part of the anesthesia and reanimation unit undertakes the task of heart massage. Cardiac massage is applied when the respiratory and circulatory system of the person stops. Before cardiac arrest (stopping of blood circulation in the heart and body), the patient shows some symptoms. Reading these symptoms well is important in bringing the person back to life in a short time.

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