Biochemistry Laboratory

What is Biochemistry Laboratory?

The unit of hospitals and other health institutions that serves in the processes of analyzing the diseases and general health status, performing biological analyzes in the detection-diagnosis-treatment processes and interpreting the tests performed for this purpose is called a biochemistry laboratory. Biochemistry laboratories have many functions in the study of diseases:

•Doctors need to apply some tests in order to determine the appropriate diagnosis according to the patient's complaints and to make the necessary detection. The unit that provides these tests is the biochemistry laboratory.

•Biochemistry laboratories take part in the process of interpreting the results of the tests recommended by the doctors.

•On the other hand, biochemistry laboratories play a role in the process of deciding on the tests to be applied to patients, too.

Biochemistry laboratories work in collaboration with clinicians and doctors.

Which Diseases Does the Biochemistry Laboratory Treat?

The biochemistry laboratory undertakes the task of testing the fluid samples taken from the body (blood, urine and fluids taken from the body cavities, etc.) and reporting the results. This unit usually performs the tests requested by the doctors, but sometimes it can also recommend tests for the correct diagnosis and treatment of diseases. In this case, the tests applied by the biochemistry laboratory are listed as follows:

•Routine biochemical tests

•Full blood count tests

•Blood gasses

•Cardiac (related to the heart) markers

•Tumor markers

•Coagulometric (coagulation-related) tests

•Drug levels

•Metabolic diagnosis and screening tests

•Toxicology tests

•Urine tests


•Electrophoresis tests

•Hormone tests

•Enzyme tests

•RIA tests (It is called the radioimmune test in full and it is a method generally used for hormone tests in endocrinology)

From this point of view, it is possible to say that the biochemistry laboratory is involved in the detection, diagnosis and treatment of almost every disease. The biochemistry laboratory is responsible for the analysis and interpretation of tests to be performed for diseases that are of interest to endocrinology, internal medicine (internal diseases), nephrology, gastroenterology, gynecology, general surgery, nutrition and diet, neurology, oncology and cardiovascular diseases. In addition, biochemistry laboratories serve for the treatment of all age groups, from newborns to the elderly.

Our hospitals with Biochemistry Laboratory units
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