What is Dermatology?
Dermatology, defined as the science of skin, is a medical discipline that deals with skin diseases and their treatment. In this branch of science, all kinds of diseases of the skin, which is an extremely vital organ for the human body, are examined and treated.
The dermatology department which is colloquially known as the department of skin diseases, plays an effective role in the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases related to the skin appendages (hair, nails, sweat glands), mucous areas such as the mouth and sexually transmitted diseases apart from the diseases related to the skin. Physicians specializing in the general structure of the skin, its functions, protection of skin integrity and health, allergic diseases of the skin, sexually transmitted diseases, infectious diseases, hair and nail diseases, neoplastic diseases, skin findings of some metabolic-systemic diseases, work with their knowledge and skills for public health. Dermatologists, who are fully equipped in every field from the most common skin diseases to rare types, aim to restore patients' health by working in partnership with other specialties in necessary cases. Dermatologists, who play an effective role in the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases that can be observed at any age from infancy to adulthood, go for personalized healing methods.
What Diseases Does Dermatology Treat?
Some of the skin diseases that should be consulted to the dermatology services of hospitals as soon as they are noticed can be prevented in a short time with simple drug treatments, while others require long-term treatments. The main diseases that dermatologists who work in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases, from acne to skin cancers, treat are:
•Parasitic skin diseases (lice, scabies, etc.)
•Fungal diseases (nails, feet, hands, trunk, genital area, scalp, etc.)
•Eczema disorders (contact eczema, seborrheic eczema, atopic dermatitis, etc.)
•Psoriasis, lichen and similar dermatitis
•Hair diseases (dandruff, scalp eczema, genetic hair loss, etc.)
•Benign and malignant tumors of the skin
•Diseases of the connective tissue
•Pigmentation disorders (sunspots, vitiligo, freckles etc.)
•Infectious rash diseases (scarlet fever, rubella, chicken pox, shingles etc.)
•Allergic skin diseases (insect stings, food allergies, drug allergies, etc.)
•Sexually transmitted diseases (Infectious diseases such as genital warts, herpes, syphilis)
•Hirsutism (excessive hair growth)
•Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating)
•Calluses and warts
•Vascular skin diseases
•Lip, tongue and oral diseases (mouth ulcers, herpes and other diseases that occur in the mouth)
•Skin diseases due to nutritional and metabolic disorders
•Skin diseases due to psychological causes
•Skin findings in systemic diseases
•Skin diseases due to genetic causes
•Disturbances due to physical factors (reactions to heat or cold, foreign body reactions, etc.)
Since it is the largest organ in the body the human skin can have many types of diseases and can be vulnerable to external factors. Some diseases that occur on the skin can cause aesthetic and cosmetically undesirable images, and problems in the physical appearance of people can even cause psychological problems. The skin, which provides water balance, acts as a shield against ultraviolet rays from the sun, keeps body temperature in balance, and most importantly, ensures the continuation of vitality, is extremely important for human life. For this reason, dermatologists play a role in the diagnosis and treatment of many other diseases as well as these disorders. Some diagnosis and treatment methods applied within the scope of dermatology:
Skin Biopsy:It is the process of taking pieces of various sizes from the suspicious diseased area in order to confirm the diagnosis. The material taken in the procedure performed under local anesthesia is sent to pathology for examination.
Cryotherapy:It is the freezing technique applied to treat lesions on the skin. It is used in the treatment of various skin diseases such as warts, skin cancers, calluses, sunspots, genital warts and molluscum contagiosum with the application of liquid nitrogen at -196 degrees.
Electrocauterization:It is a method used to treat the lesion using electric current, to cause tissue damage or to stop bleeding. It is used in the treatment of diseases such as moles, warts, sebaceous hyperplasia, pyogenic granuloma, seborrheic keratosis.
Dermatoscopy:With the dermatoscopic examination, moles and non-pigmented lesions can be examined, as well as abnormal structures on the skin, parasites, skin tumors and disorders related to blood vessels can be observed in detail.
Body Mole Scan:Body mole mapping, which even healthy individuals should have regularly, plays a major role in early diagnosis of skin cancers.
Allergy tests:Prick test, Patch test is performed to determine what and how severe the disease is in individuals with suspected allergy.
Phototherapy:Phototherapy, known as light therapy, can be used in the treatment of itching of unknown cause, vitiligo and psoriasis.
•Botulinum toxin application: It is used in the treatment of wrinkles and sweating of the palms, soles and armpits.
•Chemical Peeling Applications: It covers solution treatments applied to the skin to remove unwanted spots on the skin, revitalize the skin, eliminate acne scars and improve appearance.
•Mesotherapy: Mesotherapy, which is used in the treatment of many ailments such as stretch marks, cellulite problems, sunspots, hair loss is a method of injecting minerals, vitamins, amino acids and enzymes into the skin individually or with different mixtures.