What are Endocrinology and Metabolism Diseases?
The system in which the endocrine glands are located is called endocrine, and the branch of science that studies the disorders in these glands is called endocrinology. Endocrine glands in the endocrine system are organs that synthesize and secrete hormones. The hormones produced by the glands have various functions in the body. Apart from its contribution to reproduction, development, growth and metabolism, hormones also control our reactions.
The places where endocrine glands are located in the body are thyroid, pancreas, ovaries in women, testes in men, adrenal gland, parathyroid, pituitary gland, hypothalamus. Problems in these glands can lead to many different diseases. Endocrinologists, that is, experts in this field, first diagnose and then treat diseases arising from the glands.
Which Diseases Does the Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases Unit Examine?
Endocrinology and metabolic diseases unit deals with the treatment of hormonal and metabolic disorders. Diseases included in this unit are as follows:
Diabetes is the most common disease among endocrinology and metabolism diseases. Diabetes is the condition in which the pancreas, in which the glands are located, cannot produce enough insulin or cannot use the produced insulin effectively. This disease is among the diseases that can last a lifetime.
A patient with diabetes has too much sugar in his blood. Patients diagnosed with diabetes after regular measurement of fasting and postprandial sugars are most often divided into "Type 1" and "Type 2". Once the type of the disease is determined, medication or insulin therapy is initiated under the control of a doctor to prevent further damage to the body.
Obesity, also known as fatness among the people, is a very common disease in the world. There are various reasons for this diagnosis, which is given to people who have too much fat according to their body index. Irregular and unhealthy diet, genetic problems can cause obesity, insulin resistance, thyroid and adrenal gland diseases, ovaries or pituitary disorders can also be a factor. After obesity caused by endocrine, the doctor enters the process of treating the patient under the control of a specialist dietitian.
The thyroid gland, which is the main factor in the metabolic rate in the human body, causes the organs to malfunction if not produced and stored correctly.
Palpitations, irritability, excessive weight loss, increased sweating, tremors in the hands, shed hair, thin and moist skin are observed in excessive secretion of thyroid hormones. In case of under-functioning of the thyroid glands, fatigue, drowsiness, intolerance to cold, constipation, depression, joint pain, dry skin, low sexual desire, menstrual irregularity are observed.
Hypertension, which is high blood pressure, is a disease that leads to serious disorders when uncontrolled. Hypertension, which damages the vessels leading to the heart, brain and kidney, can lead to consequences such as heart attack, kidney failure and stroke.
There are millions of couples in the world who do not have children. In this process, various treatment processes are tried. It is possible to have a child with the right treatment methods in this troubled process, which is also caused by endocrine diseases. Endocrinology and metabolic diseases unit solves problems such as menstrual irregularities, menopause, sexual weakness, polycystic ovary syndrome.
One of the hormones in the body is growth hormone. Disorders affecting growth hormone are treated in both children and adults. Correction of growth hormone ensures that children do not stay shorter than their peers and grow in a balanced way. This disease, which is also valid for adolescence or adults, can affect the person psychologically in the future.
Excessive hair growth, also known as hirsutism, has different causes. One of them is the increase in male hormone in women. This hormonal disorder, which causes problems such as deepening of the voice, menstrual irregularity, male pattern hair loss, enlargement of dementia, and reduction in breasts, can be treated with drugs. Excessive hair growth can also be seen in women who gain weight in a short time after menopause or childbirth. This disease, which may occur due to a tumor of the adrenal glands or ovary, can also be seen among the side effects of some drugs.
Osteomalacia and Rachitisim
Osteomalacia is a bone softening disease in adults and rachitisim in children. In addition to hormonal disorders, vitamin D deficiency or deficiency can also cause this disease. Aging and menopause are among the other factors that trigger the disease. Vitamin D can be taken from the sun at certain times of the day, or it can be supplemented with additional drugs. However, in order to prevent this disease, it is necessary to be under the control of a doctor.
Adrenal (Suprarenal Gland) Diseases
Cortisol is a hormone secreted by the adrenal gland. The disease caused by excessive secretion or intake of cortisol is called "Cushing's syndrome". Although this disease is more common in women, it is a rare disease. Weight gain, skin cracking, kidney stones, fat accumulation in the nape area, hair growth in women, high blood sugar are some of the symptoms of this disease. Apart from this disease that will be treated with surgery or medication, there are other diseases in the adrenal gland. Adrenal mass, adrenal gland insufficiency (Addison's disease) should also be controlled and treated under endocrinology and metabolism diseases.