MEDICAL SECOND OPINION
Microbiology

What Is A Microbiology Laboratory?

Microbiology laboratories are opened and working in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations. In these laboratories, work is carried out with microbiology specialists and laborants (laboratory technicians). As the name suggests, medical microbiology laboratories shed light on treatment by examining and analyzing samples taken from a person under appropriate conditions in order to ensure the diagnosis of diseases. In this sense, the Microbiology Laboratory is an important part of medical processes in terms of both diagnosis and treatment. Studies conducted here have a critical role in terms of medical processes.

Diagnosis of diseases is carried out through many treatments and service processes. We work with departments of bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology and serology that concern them all. These microbiological studies are performed to show the disease-causing microorganism itself or some structures (antigen) directly or against the substances we call antibodies (serology) that are formed specifically in the blood against them. The most commonly used method is analysis. Bacterial tests and analysis, mycology helps diagnose fungal diseases, parasitology helps diagnose parasites that live in blood, tissue and intestinal cavities and cause disease. The analyzes performed vary greatly in each area. For this reason, the laboratories where the analysis is carried out are named by themselves. For example, these laboratories are divided into sections such as "Biochemistry laboratory", "Microbiology laboratory", "Pathology laboratory". These sections also have separate sections according to their own sub-headings. One of them, the Microbiology Laboratory, also works with the virology and bacteriology subdivisions. The Department of Virology focuses on virus-induced analyzes, while the Department of Bacteriology looks at bacterial tests and analyzes.

What Diseases Can It Diagnose In The Microbiology Laboratory?

The work area of the microbiology laboratory includes the analysis and examination of micro-organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye in the human body, by means of advanced microscopes and special solutions. In these laboratories, examinations and analyses are performed in order to diagnose diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi, to ensure treatment and follow-up. Samples taken from patients under appropriate conditions, in the appropriate amount and at the appropriate time are studied on samples such as blood, stool, urine, sputum, swab and tissue fragment.

Tests performed in the microbiology laboratory include:

Microscopic Investigations

•Direct and painted microscopic examination

•Giemsa painted microscopy

•Thick blood smear

•Cerebrospinal Fluid staining and cell counting

•Peripheral smear

•Bacteriology (culture, identification and antibiotics)

•Throat culture

•Nose culture

•Ear culture

•Eye swab culture

•Urine culture

•Sinova liquid culture

•Peritoneal aspirate culture

•Sperm culture

•Abscess and deep tissue aspiration

•Prostate fluid culture

•Vaginal discharge culture

•Other genital cultures

•Wound culture

•Sputum culture

•Cerebrospinal Fluid culture

•Pleural fluid culture

•Fungal culture

•Blood culture

•Disk-diffusion sensitivity

•Detection of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase and Inducible Beta-Lactamase

•Identification and antibiogram detection with fully automatic system

•Yeast identification and antifungal sensitivity with fully automatic system

•Anaerobic bacteria identification and antibiogram with fully automatic system

•Rapid antigen testing

Hematological Examinations

•Complete blood count

•Sedimentation

•CRP

•Peripheral smear

•Thin smear

•Thick Drop

Tuberculosis and Molecular Tests

•Acido-resistant bacillus staining(ARB-EZN)

•Tuberculosis culture (with urine, sputum, CSF, gastric fasting fluid)

Molecular Tests

•Quantitative detection of HIV-RNA

•Quantitative detection of CMV-DNA

•HPV-DNA genotyping

•Determination of HCV genotype

•HIV drug resistance

Serological Tests

•Gruber Widal

•Brucella Wright Agg

•Roze-Bengal lam Agg

•Wright Agg with Coombs

•Mercaptoethanol test (Brucella IgG)

Other serological and virological tests

•VDRL-RPR

•TPHA

•Rotavirus antigen search in stool (to be removed from parasitlogy)

•Adenovirus antigen search in stool (to be removed from parasitlogy)

•Influenza antigen search for respiratory secretions

•Examination of Respiratory Panel viruses in respiratory secretions

ELISA Tests

•Hepatitis B panel

•Anti HCV

•Anti HIV

•Anti HAV IgM, IgG

•Toxoplasma IgG,IgM

•Rubella IgM, G

•CMV IgM, G

•VDRL-RPR

•Anti-Rubella IgM and IgG, avidity

•Anti-CMV IgM and IgG, avidity

Blood Center

•Blood type

•Cross-Match

•RH subgroups

•Direct and indirect coobs

Parasitology

•Macroscopic and microscopic examination of stool

•Parasite search in stool

•Hidden blood in stool

•Rota virus antigen search in stool

•Adenovirus antigen search in stool

•Cellophane tape method


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